Stephen S. Jones Sr. 1750 - 1844

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Stephen S. Jones
Jones-Stephen-RevWarPlaque-Harlan.png
DAR Plaque Harlan, KY.
Born (1750-08-15)August 15, 1750
St. Mary's County, Maryland
Died September 1, 1844(1844-09-01) (aged 94)
Harlan County, Kentucky
Resting place Jones Cemetery,
36°52′N 83°17′W / 36.87°N 83.29°W / 36.87; -83.29
Nationality American
Occupation Farmer/Woodsman
Spouse(s) Susannah Wilburn


 Stephen S. Jones was born on Saturday the 15th of August in the year 1750 in St. Mary's County, Maryland. He was a pioneer, a patriot, a farmer and a family man. For nearly fifty years he slowly migrated from Maryland to Kentucky and from British subject to American citizen. Once Stephen reached Kentucky, he planted his feet and decided to stay. Stephen became the patriarch of the Jones Family of Harlan County, Kentucky. Over 260 years later, his descendants want to know about him and his life.

Birth

 According to his own words, as evidenced in Stephen Jones' Rev. War Pension Petition of 1834, Stephen Jones was born on August 15, 1750 in St. Mary's County, Maryland. Some Jones researchers report his birth as August 19th. It's very possible the discrepancy in dates stem from deciphering the hand writing of the court recorder during Stephen's request interview. You can view the hand written documents of Stephen's pension files to see the discrepancies.

 We know Stephen was born in St. Mary's County, Maryland, however, St. Mary's County became a burn county in 1831[1] with most if not all early civil records lost. To further hinder active research, Harlan County, Kentucky, Stephen's death county, became a burn county when in October of 1863, Confederate troops put torch to the Harlan County Courthouse[2] in retaliation of Union troops burning down the courthouse at Lee County, Virginia. Not all records were lost in the Harlan County Courthouse fire but many important documents were.

Parents

 Stephen's parents are unknown. To date, no document has been produced naming, much less proving, the parents of Stephen Jones of St. Mary's, County, Maryland. The only reference to parents is found in Stephen's Rev War Pension file when Stephen states;

Answer to Question 1st -- I was born in St. Mary's County Maryland on the 15th, August 1750 2nd I have no record of my age -- my Father’s register stated my birth as above

--

 Many Jones researchers mistakenly claim Ambrose Jones Sr. and Catherine Collins of Granville County, North Carolina as the parents of Stephen Jones of St. Mary's County. There is no document or proof to the erroneous assumption that Ambrose Jones Sr. and Catherine Collins of Granville County are the parents of Stephen Jones of St. Mary's County, Maryland. This perpetuation of Ambrose Jones Sr. and Catherine Collins being Stephen Jones of St. Mary's County, Maryland parents was created by the Mountain Chapter, D.A.R of Harlan in 1940 and has totally skewed many Jones family trees. A number of Jones researchers including Linda Reno[3] have concluded, the parents of Stephen Jones of St. Mary's County, Maryland remain unknown.

 It is true Ambrose Jones Sr. and Catherine Collins were parents of a son named Stephen Jones in Granville County. However, the Stephen of Ambrose and Catherine Jones moved from Granville County, North Carolina to Halifax County, Virginia and married Nancy Thompson. Ambrose Jones Sr. died in 1792 leaving a will which named his children. As well, when Ambrose and Catherine's son, Gabriel Jones, died there was an estate settlement document which includes all the names of his brother Stephen Jones' children. The children of Stephen Jones, son of Ambrose Jones Sr. are not the children of our Stephen Jones of St. Marys and Harlan counties.


Naming

 Most Jones researchers know Stephen as Stephen Jones Sr., however, many cast his name as Stephen S. Jones or Stephen L. Jones. There are three documents that depict Stephens name with middle initials. The first document is a Power of Attorney[4] letter of January 28, 1828 by Stephen which is dictated to George Brittain, Clerk Of Harlan County. The Power of Attorney letter clearly shows "S" as the middle initial. The second document is the 1840 U.S. Census for Harlan County in which his middle initial appears as the letter "L". We believe the Power of Attorney document to be the true stating of Stephens name and not the census form; with consideration and the fact that in 1840 Stephen is 90 years old and was apparently in the care of possibly his granddaughter[citation needed] Sarah Holmes (spelled Holanes in the census). If Sarah is indeed the granddaughter, she likely is the daughter of John Jones Sr. 1774 - 1870, Stephens second born son. Most likely Stephen did not speak for himself as Sarah is head of household. The third document is the 1840 Pensioners Census[5] in which the 1840 U.S. Census asked for the names and ages of "Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services. Essentially, the name was copied from the 1840 U.S. Census.


Stephen's full name as it appears in the Power of Attorney letter of 1828.

Marriages

 Stephen Jones of St. Mary's County, Maryland married Susannah Wilburn b.Unk - d.Unk, daughter of Edward Wilburn Sr. 1725 - 1806 of Surry County, North Carolina. We don't have a marriage certificate, however, this is the only proven marriage of Stephen Jones through the Power of Attorney letter of January 28, 1828. Exactly when or where the marriage took place, we do not know. However, as Stephen's first child Gabriel Jones (1771-1831) is thought to have been born in 1771, it would seem reasonable their marriage was in 1770 or 1771[citation needed]. It is also noted that a Stephen Jones is on the Property Tax Rolls of Surry County, North Carolina for the years of 1771 and 1772. This would seem to indicate Gabriel, the first son, was born in Surry County, North Carolina.

 Proof of Stephen's marriage to Susannah Wilburn b.Unk - d.Unk is in a single document, whereby on January 28, 1828, while living in Harlan County, Kentucky, Stephen Jones has a letter written which gives Power of Attorney to Richard Wilburn of Surry County, North Carolina, in the affair of settling the estate of Jane Wilburn, Susannah Wilburn's sister. In the Power of Attorney letter of 1828, Stephen S. Jones (note the middle initial) clearly and unequivocally states "being the lawful husband of Susanah Wilburn". Supporting evidence of this marriage is also found in the will of Edward Wilburn Sr. 1725 - 1806, proven 1806 in Surry County, North Carolina and in the will of John Wilburn, Susannah's brother, proven[6] in 1819 in Orange County, North Carolina.



 Stephen Jones of St. Mary's County, Maryland is alleged to have married both Nancy Thompson and Mary Catherine Adams. There is no proof or documentation of these marriages. Mary Catherine and Nancy Thompson both married Stephen Jones, Ambrose Jones Sr. and Catherine Collins son. Stephen Jones of Granville County, North Carolina married Nancy Thompson in Halifax County, Virginia in 1802[7] [[Gabriel Jones[[, son of Ambrose Jones Sr. and Catherine Collins and the brother of Stephen Jones, all of Granville County, North Carolina, stated in his estate settlement of 1831/1835 the wife of his brother Stephen to be Catharine. This would indicate Stephen Jones of Granville County possibly married Mary Catharine Adams after Nancy Thompson.



A will written by John Wilburn (Welborn or Wilborne) dated January 19, 1819 and proven February Court 1819, mentions his sister Susannah Ludlo Jones. In the book, Abstracts of Wills Recorded in Orange County, North Carolina, 1752-1800, Volume 2, & Abstract of Wills Recorded in Orange County, NC. 1800-1850 page 85; (Ruth Hearndon Shields, Clearfield Press, the following is found:

https://books.google.com/books?id=A1jcyH8uUMQC&lpg=RA1-PA85&vq=welborn&pg=RA1-PA85#v=onepage&q=welborn&f=true

D 553 Will dated 19 January 1819, proved February Court 1819.
JOHN WELBORN or WILBOURNE..................wife: Mary

"unto Duran Hampton wife of Nolan Hampton"
Alves and Nolan Hampton sons of Nolan Hampton
brother: Richard Wilborn
Robert Wilborn son of Richard
Lewis Wilborn
brothers: Edward and Zachariah Welborne 50(cents) each
brother Thomas Welborne's children 50(cents) each
sisters: Temperance Marshall, Susannah Ludlo Jones
Lida Slaughter
friends: Roland Cook, and John Hampton son of my wife,
He leaves 100 acres to his slave Jeremiah, who is to be freed.

Executors: friends Thomas Bennehan, Benjamin Bullock and
Nathaniel Carrington.
Witnesses: Samuel (x) Rush, John Suit, Jr., Robert Ashley
_ _ _

Family Tree



Stephen Jones Sr. 1750-1844 Susannah Wilburn
Gabriel Jones 1771-1831 John Jones Sr. 1774-1870 Elijah Jones 1778-1860 Mary A. Jones 1778-1848 Zachariah M. Jones 1787-1859 Stephen Jones Jr. 1793-1888

Some researchers have placed Hiram Jones(1801) and Sarah Jones(1806) as Stephen's children. This researcher believes that both Hiram and Sarah are children of John Jones Sr. 1774 - 1870.

****

Military Service

A Patriot

Through the years of 1779 to 1781, Stephen served a total of seven months duty in the North Carolina Militia. Prior to and during the Revolutionary War, North Carolina was divided into militia districts. Stephen's first two tours would have most likely been with the Hillsborough District militia which included Granville County, North Carolina. Stephen "removed" to Surry County, North Carolina in 1781 with his remaining tour under the purview of Salisbury District, North Carolina which included Surry County.


In 1780, Stephen Jones reenlisted and participated at the Battle of Cross Creek, a minor skirmish in Surry County, North Carolina. In March 1781, Stephen Jones said he was with a Col. Haynes Morgan at the Battle of Guilford Court House. At Guilford Courthouse, the North Carolina Line was placed in the first line of defense and took the brunt of British sharpshooters and was forced to retreat to Winn’s Mill in Guilford County, North Carolina. After the Battle of Guilford Court House, Stephen moved back to Surry County, North Carolina.

Granville County, N.C. Volunteer

According to Stephen's Rev War Pension, he states he was living in Granville County, North Carolina in 1779. At the age of 29, Stephen Jones volunteered for a three month tour of duty in the North Carolina Militia. He did not, however, join the North Carolina Line, which was part of the Continental Army as some researchers[9] suggest. Stephen came under the command of Richard Cook (Capt. Richard Donaldson Cook of St. Mary's County)For the next 3 months they marched around the Catawba River gathering information on the Catawba Indians and their Tory allies. Later Stephen Jones and his fellow troops marched to the Yadkin River in Granville County, North Carolina where they came across a British Company. The baggage train of the Continentals soon came under fire from the British army. After a brief skirmish, the British were soon defeated and taken prisoner. After this engagement, Stephen Jones was discharged from the army.




Granville County, North Carolina fell under the purview of the Hillsborough District militia. Within the Hillsborough District were the counties of Caswell, Chatham, Granville, Orange, Randolph, and Wake.

1779 Map of possible route for first sortie from Granville County, North Carolina to Silver Creek at Morgantown.

That he entered the service of the United States as a militia soldier in Granville County, North Carolina where he then resided as a volunteer for a tour of three months in the year 1779 as well as he now remembers under the following officers ...



Richard Cook - Captain, William Moon - Colonel, Thomas Person - General and – Briant [?] Lieutenant .. We marched from Granville County to Hillsboro, thence to Salisbury in Rowan County. Thence we marched for the Indian Nation, fell upon the Catawba River and up the same as far as Silver Creek. There we were met by our General Parsons who, as we understood, had by a near route, crossed the Blue Ridge to the garrison and brought back word that our services were not wanting and ordered a retreat which we obeyed. We reached Granville before our three months was out but continued there under the command of our officers until our three months was out. I received no written discharge for this service."

The map to the right shows an approximate route Stephen's company may have taken in his first sortie in 1779. Of course, we are assuming a few things as we have no details as to the actual route that was taken. We assume the militia assembled at Oxford, North Carolina, the county seat of Granville County. The distance between Oxford and Silver Creek at Morgantown is about 200 miles. By Stephen's account it took nearly three months to make that round trip.

Cross Creek Sortie

Cross Creek Sortie
Part of American Revolutionary War
Date February 1780
Location Cross Creek (Fayetteville, N.C.)
Belligerents
North Carolina Line British Regulars

As quoted by Stephen Jones Sr. in his Revolutionary War Pension Petition, 1834 ...

[He states that] ... "in the year 1780, as well as I remember, I know it was before the last tour I have mentioned, I was drafted to go a tour to Cross Creek (today known as Fayetteville, North Carolina) against the British. I do not remember how long I was drafted for nor do I know how long I served. I only know we marched to Cross Creek but before we got there, understanding that the British had left the place, we returned home. From old age and the consequent loss of memory, I can not tell precisely how long I served in this tour but from the best of my knowledge and recollection not less than one month."

Yadkin River Sortie


As quoted by Stephen Jones Sr. in his Revolutionary War Pension Petition, 1834 ...

"Afterwards in the year 1781, as well as I remember, I was drafted in Surry County, North Carolina, where I had removed, for a tour of three months under Colonel William Moon, Captain John Nall, Lieutenant Robert Baker. We marched from Surry and joined Colonel Morgan on the Catawba River. I believe it was in the month of February. We had to wade the Catawba River. Colonel Morgan ordered us to Salisbury, North Carolina to guard some British prisoners. Whilst we were guarding these prisoners, Morgan whipped (Colonel) Tarleton and brought his prisoners to Salisbury. With all the prisoners now together, we commenced a retreat. The rain fell upon us and we were forced to march across the Adkin [sic, Yadkin River]. Many of the soldiers, I among the number [indecipherable word] as I am [indecipherable word or words] had to wade the River.The British opened a fire upon our baggage wagons as they were crossing the river. Thence to the Virginia line, there other troops took the prisoners into custody and our time being near out, that we had not time to reach home before it would expire. We were ordered home. When I got home I received a written discharge for this service having fully performed the three months and a few days over."

Battle of Guilford Court House

Battle of Guilford Court House

Migration

Maryland

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 It is a proven and undisputed fact stated in Stephen's Rev War Pension Petition, #S38092, that he was born in St. Mary's County, Maryland on Wednesday, August 19, 1750. We have no information as to where Stephen may have lived in St. Mary's County. We do not know any facts on his departure from Maryland. We do know that Stephen departed Maryland and arrive in North Carolina prior to 1779 based on his role in the North Carolina Militia.

 In the 18th century, Maryland used a method of land division called Hundred. This method of land management/ownership is very interesting to take note of. [10]

 There were several Jones' in St. Mary's County in the time frame of the birth of Stephen Jones in 1750. As we do not know Stephen's parents, the following could possibly be related to Stephen Jones in some fashion; John Jones, Joseph Jones, Solomon Jones, Walter Jones and William Jones. The names listed are Jones' who are owners of land in St. Mary's County in the time frame between 1720 - 1750.

St. Mary's County

St. Mary's County Seal

 In 1637 the entire colony of Maryland was St Mary's County. By 1696 counties had formed and reformed with the last county line for St. Mary's County being drawn in 1696 which to this day still holds. St. Mary's County is sandwiched between the Patuxen and Patowomack (Potomac) rivers to the north and south with the Chesapeake Bay to the east and Virginia to the west.

 In 18th century St. Mary's County the two main cities were St. Mary's City on St Mary's River, the original capitol of Maryland, and Leonardtown. By Stephen Jones' birth in 1750, the estimated population of Maryland was just under 150,000 people with tobacco as it's primary economic engine. That was up from a mere 29,000 people in 1700.

North Carolina

Granville County

Surry County

Going To Virginia

Some sources claim Stephen Jones moved to Lee County, Virginia in 1782 [11], however, Lee County, Virginia did not exist until 1793. This move would have been to Washington County, Virginia, making him one of the earlier pioneer families to do so. Russell County, Virginia was carved out of Washington County, Virginia in 1786. Finally, Russell County, Virginia was split with the Southwestern most portion of Virginia becoming Lee County, Virginia in 1793. This author surmises Stephen Jones did not move from county to county as research suggests. Rather Stephen Jones, after leaving Surry County, North Carolina stayed in one place along the Virginia/Kentucky boundary prior to Kentucky becoming a state in 1792. With county boundaries being created, it caused the appearance of movement for Stephen Jones. Keep in mind, while the division of Russell County was in discussion and put to leadership during 1792, the Commonwealth of Kentucky was created. However, it is this author's surmise that Stephen was actually living on Kentucky soil but due to the logistics of the wilderness, we counted in Virginia until 1797. By 1799, Stephen is counted in the Knox County, Kentucky roll call.

The first census of the United States was carried out in 1790. There is a single Stephen Jones enumerated in Russell County.

Although a date is not given, the following is listed on Page 91 in the RUSSELL COUNTY, VIRGINIA LAW ORDER BOOK 2 (1792 - 1799):[12]

P91 - Robert Higginbottom be paid for killing 1 old wolf, George Kelms for killing 1 old wolf, Rolley Gray for killing 2 old wolves, Robert Daniel for killing 1 old wolf, Stephen Jones for killing 1 old wolf, William Hull for killing 1 old wolf, John Bricky for killing 1 old wolf, Samuel Adams for killing 1 old wolf, William Ewing for killing 2 old wolves, James Vanbebber for killing 1 old wolf, Michael Auxer for killing 1 old wolf, Daniel Deskins for killing 1 old wolf, Alden Williamson for killing 1 old wolf, Simon Cockrell for killing 1 old wolf, Joshua Ewing for killing 2 old wolves, Joseph Hatfield for killing 1 old wolf, John Counts for killing 1 old wolf, Job Hobbs for killing 1 old wolf, Henry Hover for killing 1 old wolf, John Vanbebber for killing 1 old wolf, Moses Ball for killing 2 old wolves, James Daniel for killing 1 old wolf, John Wallin for killing 1 old wolf, William Dorton for killing 1 old wolf, Volentine Hatfield for killing 1 old wolf, James Arbuckle for killing 3 old wolves,

In 1792 many inhabitants of Russell County, most likely the lower portion or Southwestern most part of Russell County petitioned the local government to separate from Russell County and create a new county. The petition passed in 1793 and the creation of Lee County made. On the list of petitioners is Stephen Jones and Vincent Hobbs.

In 1794, Stephen Jones would be part of the Vincent Hobbs Militia to capture Chief Robert Benge of the Cherokee Indians. Chief Robert Benge started his raids in 1785 by attacking the Archibald Scott family at Wallen Creek. These raids continued until 1794. In April 1794, Vincent Hobbs and his militia waited for Chief Robert Benge at Stone Gap, a gap used by both the Shawnee and Cherokee for their raids into Lee County, Virginia. Chief Benge was in route bringing some prisoners his braves had captured to be adopted into their tribe to replace family members killed by the white settlers. Hobbs and his men ambushed Benge killing him and 3 Indian braves. This was the last Indian battle fought in Southwest VA.


Virginia Tax Records


Lee County, VA.

Lee County, Virginia was formed out of Russell County, Virginia in 1793.

A Stephen Jones is found on the 1795, 1796, 1797 Lee County, Virginia Personal Property Tax List. 1797 is the last year this Stephen Jones is seen on Southwestern Virginia rolls.

Russell County, VA.

Russell County, Virginia was formed out of Washington County, Virginia in 1786.

A Stephen Jones is found on the 1789, 1790, 1792 and 1793 Russell Co., Virginia Personal Property Tax List and labeled as:

Stephen Jones Lower 

Below is the 1790 Russell County, Virginia Personal Tax List Part A[13]. Stephen Jones is listed along with Frederick Jones, however, no relation between Stephen and Frederick has been found.

Jones Stephen-1790-PersonalTaxlist-RussellCtyVA.jpg


Washington County, VA.

A Stephen Jones is listed in ......

Going To Kentucky

Some researchers report that Stephen moved to Harlan County, Kentucky in 1794. This is just not true as the Lee County Personal Tax records prove he was in Virgina until at least 1797.

Jones was apparently the first frontiersman to settle in the Verde, KY region. In 1807, Mary, Stephen Jones’s first wife died and was buried in Verde KY. Some researchers also claim that after Mary's death, Stephen Jones married Nancy Thompson. This doesn't appear to true either. As this Nancy Thompson married Stephen Jones of Halifax County, Virginia, son of Ambrose Jones and Catherine Collins of Granville County, North Carolina fame.

In 1828, Nancy died and also buried in Verde KY. Later that year Jones marred Susannah Wilburn. In 1832, Jones applied for a pension for his service in the revolutionary war. Sometime before 1840, Jones died and was buried near Jones creek

Knox County Census 1810

Stephen Jones

First U.S. Census, United States Census, 1810; Knox County, Kentucky; page 87, line 19, enumeration district Knox.

Knox/Harlan County Transfer

Harlan County was formed in 1819 from the Eastern portion of Knox County. See list of men, aged 21 and older, transferred from Knox County to Harlan County.

Harlan County

Transfer List

Land & Deeds

1804 - Land grant in Knox county.[14]
Jones-Stephen-1804-KYLandGrant-KnoxCty.png

Will

To date, no will or death document has been produced for Stephen Jones of Harlan County.

Death

 Stephen S. Jones Sr. is buried in the Crab Orchard Cemetery, also known as the Jones or Jones Creek Cemetery, in Harlan County, Ky. The cemetery is located on the private property of Joe Dean.

 We do not know the exact date of Stephen's death. What we do know is that he is enumerated in the 1840 US Census, that he received his military pension until at least the 3rd quarter of 1844 and that he is not enumerated in the 1850 US Census. We can assume he lived until at least mid-year 1844.

 Dr. James Black Jones, DDM, a direct descendant of Stephen as well as a highly regarded and well respected member of the Harlan community, initiated a military headstone request for Stephen Jones burial location on Wednesday, October 18, 1839. On November 27, 1939 Dr. Jones' request is approved and December 22, 1939, the headstone was shipped to Harlan County. The fact that Dr. Jones, of such high stature, goes to this trouble, lends credence to the unproven fact that John Jones Sr. 1774 - 1870 is indeed, a son of Stephen S. Jones Sr.

Census Data


1820 US Census - Harlan County


References

  1. Radoff, Morris L.; Skordas, Gust; Jacobsen, Phebe H. (1963). "The County Courthouses and Records of Maryland -- Part 2: The Records". Archives of Maryland Online. Publication #13. Annapolis. Retrieved March 15, 2015. 
  2. Melba Porter Hay; Dianne Wells; Thomas H. Appleton, Jr.; Thomas H. Appleton (2002). Roadside History: A Guide to Kentucky Highway Markers. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 30–. ISBN 0-916968-29-4. 
  3. Reno, Linda. "A Journey Through Time" (PDF). St. Mary's County Genealogical Society. Retrieved March 15, 2015. 
  4. Proved on page 225 of the Harlan County Deed Book A
  5. Government, US Federal. "Clues in Census Records, 1790-1840". National Archives. Retrieved March 15, 2015. 
  6. Abstracts of Wills Recorded in Orange County, North Carolina, 1752-1800 and (202 Marriages Not Shown in the Orange County Marriage Bonds) and Abstracts of Wills Recorded in Orange County, North Carolina, 1800-1850. Genealogical Publishing Com. 1957. p. 85. ISBN 978-0-8063-0504-2. 
  7. Ancestry.com. Virginia, Marriages, 1740-1850 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 1999. Original data: Dodd, Jordan R., et al.. Early American Marriages: Virginia to 1850. Bountiful, UT, USA: Precision Indexing Publishers.
  8. Harris, C. Leon (8 February 2015). "Pension Application of Robert W. Fitz S8475" (PDF). Southern Campaigns Revolutionary War Pension Statements & Rosters. Retrieved April 24, 2017. 
  9. General Joseph Martin Chapter-SAR
  10. Reno, Linda; Dawson, Marcella Jehl Dawson (2001). "St. Mary's County Land Ownership: 1637-1799". University of Maryland, Baltimore County. Retrieved April 25, 2017. 
  11. General Joseph Martin Chapter
  12. Robertson, Rhonda. "RUSSELL COUNTY, VIRGINIA LAW ORDER BOOK 2 (1792 - 1799)". Rootsweb - Ancestry.com. Unknown. Retrieved 9 March 2017. 
  13. "1790 Russell County Personal Tax List Part A". Binn's Genealogy. February 2010. Retrieved September 20, 2015. 
  14. Ancestry.com - Jillson, Willard Rouse. The Kentucky Land Grants. Vol. I-II. Louisville, KY, USA: Filson Club Publications, 1925.



External links